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Chapter XXXVIII (1914)
becomes Chapter XXXVII in the published novel (1971)

As he wandered about, the keeper whom he had reprimanded in the early morning came up to him, and enquired whether he would shoot to morrow. Obviously he wouldn’t, since to morrow was the match, but the question had been asked to pave the way for an apology. “I sure I’m very sorry I failed to give you and Mr London, sir, full satisfaction sir,” was the form “I tried to do my best.” Maurice, no longer vindictive said “All right, Scudder,” though to himself he said “He wants to make sure of a tip from me when I do go: a servant doesn’t apologise otherwise.” This Scudder was an importation – part of the larger life that had come to Penge with Anne. They had not liked him much out shooting: he was smart and efficient, but had bossed Maurice rather and pulled him about by the elbow: now he implied he had refused five bob because he had not done enough to deserve it. “It’s for us to settle what they deserve,” Maurice thought, “and he’d no scruples over London’s ten, come!” He smiled slightly: the servant responded, his bright eyes shining in the dusk, and his teeth gleaming under a clipped but boyish moustache. Maurice went in.

Reconstructed from
p. 160 (Maurice, Chapter XXXVII)
and pp. 250–1 (notes to Chapter XXXVII) in

E. M. Forster (1999) Maurice: The Abinger Edition, edited by Philip Gardner (London: Andre Deutsch)


Gardner (1999: p.250): ‘CHAPTER XXXVII. This is Ch. XXXVIII in 1914. There are many revisions, all in Forster’s hand, visible in the 1914 text of this chapter, which consists of five typescript pages … and four … entirely in Forster’s early hand. Further revisions are registered by the 1932 text, which essentially provides he chapter as printed in 1971 and here [the 1999 Abinger Edition]. Some of these revisions date from the 1950s, and are so indicated.’

Maurice 1914 Extract 2

Date: 2012-03-01 03:54 am (UTC)
From: [identity profile] kristinaa1.livejournal.com
So Forster was editing this book off and on for about 60 yrs or so? Wow, no wonder there are so many floating pieces. I must remember to read this arbinger edition.
p.s. I'm so glad scudder didn't get a mustache in the movie! Rupert graves looks much better without it. :-)

Date: 2012-03-01 05:58 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] exponential63.livejournal.com
Glad you found this - it took me ages to format it, and I'm still not sure it's come out right!

Yes: Forster first drafted Maurice very fast in 1913-14 (inspired, famously, by a touch on the backside!) He then kept on revising it until the 1950s. But most accounts give the impression he just wrote the book in 1914, then had it published after he died - so it's no surprise if you didn't know. I think most people don't, which is why I decided to do these posts.

I've loved Maurice for years, but I only found out very recently myself that the manuscript had this complicated history. Forster himself claimed that the novel didn't change much between 1914 and 1960 - and critics keep on repeating this claim without checking it out. Before the Abinger Edition was published in 1999, the *only* way to do so was to visit the Forster archive in Cambridge, ask to see the surviving manuscripts, then spend weeks/months comparing them! But 1999 is 13 years ago now...

I got my first hint of the manuscript changes from two academic articles written in the 1970s and 1980s. The first is in French - and, 95% of the time, the author doesn't quote Forster's words directly to back up her claims. But the second does quote some passages from the 1914 manuscript - and when I read it, I was stunned how different they were - but, even here, the author claimed the differences weren't significant! So I'll be interested to hear reactions when I post more extracts ...
Edited Date: 2012-03-02 12:28 am (UTC)

Date: 2012-03-01 06:34 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] exponential63.livejournal.com
Heehee Alec's moustache is half the reason I chose this passage! Forster must have thought 'taches were hot back in 1914, but 'clipped but boyish' just makes me laugh. Did Forster mean teenage bum-fluff, or a spivvy thin 'tache like Jean Dujardin in 'The Artist'? Horrible either way.

Also if Rupert had one, that would wreck the film's 'moustaches of failed heterosexuality' logic (e.g. http://impishtubist.tumblr.com/post/4883069456/mustaches-of-failed-heterosexuality).
Edited Date: 2012-03-02 12:27 am (UTC)

Date: 2012-03-03 05:01 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] rusty-armour.livejournal.com
It's pretty hilarious that Maurice is still pissed off about the tip, though I realize it's more the principle of the thing and Maurice's belief that Scudder doesn't have any scruples. It's sweet that Scudder responds to Maurice's self-satisfied smile, not knowing what Maurice is thinking. The description of Scudder's reaction as "bright eyes shining in the dusk, and his teeth gleaming under a clipped but boyish moustache" is funny, but there's something rather beautiful and romantic about it as well. Uh, my hormones are out of whack at the moment, so this opinion might change by tomorrow. *g*

Date: 2012-03-04 05:22 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] exponential63.livejournal.com
I think Maurice's preoccupation with the tip is more about class, and class authority, than a personalised judgement on Scudder's integrity. He doesn't know a thing about Scudder; he just *assumes* this - it's almost a reflex - purely because Scudder is a servant. As you'll see in my later posts, Forster goes into more detail in this 1914 draft about the ways in which *class* stands between Maurice and Alec (or, metaphorically, 'the crack in the floor' - which, in this draft but not the published novel, 'oozes poison' and 'leads to hell'). And, interestingly, he later shows Alec to mirror Maurice's mistrust, a reflex that determines Alec's willingness to blackmail: since 'gentlemen never do trust servants', and since 'fate had placed a snare in his hands', 'he must set it, heedless of what it tortured'.

I liked the way this version gives us Maurice's unspoken thoughts about the tip, and the way these clash with his surface behaviour towards Scudder - which itself shows suggestive little ambiguities. If Maurice thinks that Alec has 'no scruples', why does he 'smile slightly'? Does the smile indicate sly admiration for Alec even while he purports to deplore his attitude? Is Maurice, vainly, pleased that Alec doesn't like Archie London but seems to like him? Is Maurice already aware of an attraction to Alec?

This feels different to me different from the published novel, in which Maurice blindly 'knows things without knowing them' right up to the moment Alec comes through the window to him! I almost wonder if Maurice's haplessness was hyped up by Forster for publication - as if it was fine to show Maurice as a little more aware of his own desires for a private readership but not for the public? There are other small details that made me wonder this. e.g. In the 1959/1971 novel Maurice is 'violently sick' after the cricket match; but in the same passage in the 1914 draft 'he succumbed to a racking fit of laughter'...
Edited Date: 2012-03-04 05:25 pm (UTC)

Date: 2012-03-04 11:17 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] rusty-armour.livejournal.com
Your interpretation of the tip makes more sense. I almost typed that Maurice "resented Alec acting above his station," but it seemed pretty simplistic in the face of everything that occurs in the novel in terms of class and class authority. I also liked being able to read Maurice's unspoken throughts about the tip and his attitude towards Alec. I had assumed that Maurice's smile was more of a sneer than anything, but I prefer your theory that Maurice is secretly pleased that Alec seems to like him, etc. Lastly, I would have liked it if the final draft had retained that image of Maurice succumbing to a "racking fit of laughter" after the cricket match. Fear (and other strong emotions) can often present itself in multiple ways, including laughter.

Date: 2012-03-05 01:34 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] exponential63.livejournal.com
I liked the way 1914's "racking fit of laughter" permitted a more ambiguous reading than Maurice throwing up. As you suggest, it could be an expression of fear or panic, but it also hints at a possible subversive or double reaction (as with the ambiguity around why he smiles). Maurice feels sick (and so hysterically horrified at having 'insulted' his hostesses by shagging Alec that he feels the knowledge would drive them 'insane'). Anne is concerned, he requests ice, escapes to the Russet Room - then bursts out laughing once he's locked the door.

In 1914's version, we're also told that Maurice failed to lock the door while he was with Alec, which was particularly unwise as Lady Durham sleeps nearby...

Date: 2012-03-11 04:38 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] marauderthesn.livejournal.com
Oh, bless you for this post! ♥ ♥ ♥

Date: 2012-03-31 05:02 pm (UTC)
From: [identity profile] exponential63.livejournal.com
Hi, marauder - and bless you too for your comments! I can't tell you how flattered I am that you've found my posts. I'm been mr_edna_may archive-watching since last year (long story, but see my User Info for an anon. version of some of the context) so I'm delighted that you've found this (intermittent) project. I've been a Maurice fan for a *very* long time, but had never done anything Web 2.0-ish about it until last year...

Apologies for the very slow reply. It's been a strange and busy month for me in RL, and I'm only just catching up on my LJ. (A mix of Important Stuff happening at work, starting a series of slightly unpleasant eye treatments to stop my sight deteriorating in one eye - long story - and other, less defensible, distractions.)
Edited Date: 2012-03-31 05:03 pm (UTC)

May 2012


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